Testimony of North Dakota State Senator Curtis Olafson
Continued from “North Dakota the First to Pass New Tactic against Federal Debt.”
House Constitutional Revision Committee
Senate Concurrent Resolution 4007
March 30th, 2011
I am here today to provide information on Senate Concurrent Resolution 4007. This resolution is part of a nationwide effort to invoke our rights as a state legislature under Article V of the US Constitution to make application to Congress to convene an Amendments Convention. The proposed amendment is contained in the text of the resolution and specifies that “An increase in the federal debt requires approval from a majority of the legislatures of the separate states.”
This idea was first proposed by the Restoring Freedom Foundation and has been thoroughly researched and has been endorsed by the Goldwater Institute in Phoenix, Arizona. It has also been adopted as model legislation by the American Legislative Exchange Council. The nationwide effort is called the National Debt Relief Amendment and North Dakota is the first state in the US in which the resolution is being heard in committee. The resolution has prime sponsors in about 8 states so far with potential prime sponsors in about 6 other states seriously considering sponsorship.
I want to emphatically state that this is not a partisan effort. The federal debt is not a partisan issue. We all have to acknowledge that the debt has increased under the control of both parties. Moreover, people from all parts of the political spectrum are rightly concerned about the federal debt. Everyone I have talked to universally understands that the level of debt is a serious problem. I believe that it is so serious that it is an imminent threat to the very sovereignty of our country.
Everyone agrees that we have a problem, but some offer old ideas as the solution to the problem. Some say, “We need to change the people in Congress.” We have done that. We have a far different group of people in Congress now than decades ago when the problem began to grow. Others say “we need to change parties.” We have changed the party in control more than once and more than twice. We have changed people and we have changed parties and the problem continues to grow. The problem is not based on people and it is not based on party. The problem is systemic and the system and the ground rules need to be changed.
The federal debt has recently rolled beyond $14 trillion dollars, which translates to almost $46,000 per man woman and child in the US. And remember, not every man, woman and child is a taxpayer, so each taxpayer’s share of the debt is now over $128,000. The website usdebtclock.org gives a sobering view of the running meter that is our federal debt.
You may be hearing from opponents to this resolution that you should fear a “runaway convention.” I had that concern myself at one time, but after researching the issue, I strongly agree with the conclusion of constitutional experts that the fear is unfounded. Note that in the text of the resolution beginning on line 18 that the resolution requires that the convention be strictly limited to the consideration of this one proposed amendment. There are complex legal and constitutional reasons why one need not fear a runaway convention, but there are also some very compelling political reasons why the process should not be feared.
Delegates selected by state legislatures would go to a convention with a powerful mandate from their state legislature that they limit their deliberations to the consideration of one issue and one issue only. If they went beyond the scope and call of the convention, that would be immediately challenged in a court of law, and should be challenged by Congress, as a convention whose results should be considered null and void. If both the courts and Congress fail to declare the convention as invalid, the ultimate protection is that 38 states must ratify the proposal agreed to in a convention. It is important to remember that unless and until 38 states ratify a proposal, nothing changes and the Constitution is untouched. It is interesting to note that Congress, on a 2/3 vote of both chambers; can propose amendments for ratification by the states, but you never hear opponents to the state initiated method expressing fears about a “runaway Congress.”
The strength of the proposed amendment is its simplicity. The amendment does not dictate policy. It does not require spending cuts or tax increases. It only specifies that if Congress feels that they have a compelling need to increase the federal debt limit, they need to come to the government closest to the people, our state legislatures, to seek their approval. It simply provides a check and balance to prevent Congress from arbitrarily and unilaterally raising the debt limit and charging off that debt to our children and grandchildren. They did not sign a mortgage and they did not cast a vote, but they are going to be handed the bill for today’s spending. We must act now. A runaway Article V amendments convention is a myth. A runaway federal debt of $14 trillion is a reality.
The text of Article V:
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
Federal Debt as of 8:00 AM CDT on 03/30/2011:
US National Debt of Record: $14,263,715,600,000
US National Debt of Record per US Citizen: $45,852
US National Debt of Record per US Taxpayer: $128,388
US National Debt to GDP Ratio: 97.42%
US Federal Budget Deficit: $1,339,506,000,000
Curtis Olafson is a North Dakota State Senator who represents District 10, Edinburg.